August 26, 2011 > Use tax payments analysis
Use tax payments analysis
Submitted By Anita Gore
Betty T. Yee, First District Member of the State Board of Equalization (BOE), released a staff analysis. On August 19, 2011, of use tax payments made by California taxpayers on their personal income tax forms.
The August edition of the Economic Perspective, produced by BOE research staff, highlights that less than one percent of Californians report use tax on their income tax returns and shows that use tax payments are heavily concentrated in high income households, with these payments varying significantly according to both household income group and geography.
Use tax is owed when a consumer makes a purchase from an out-of-state retailer who does not collect California tax. It was established to eliminate the price advantage out-of-state retailers would have over California businesses that collect and send sales tax to the BOE. When the out-of-state retailer does not collect the tax, the consumer is responsible to make the use tax payment directly to the state. Since 2004, consumers have had the option of reporting and paying their use tax due by completing a line on their state income tax form.
"The use tax line is an important tool for voluntary use tax compliance," Yee said. "Meanwhile, the low rate of consumer compliance overall points to the need to pursue multiple efforts to promote use tax compliance so that all retail purchases, from both online and store front retailers, are treated on an equal basis."
A convenient way for individuals to pay use taxes is to report their liabilities on the line provided on personal income tax forms. Data from the Franchise Tax Board (FTB) indicate that California households paid about $10.4M in use tax payments on their personal income tax returns related to calendar year 2009 liabilities. Board of Equalization research staff tabulated these data for the state as a whole and for the 10 most populous counties in the state by income class for four broad income classes.
The statewide data indicate that:
About 0.42 percent of taxpayers reporting any adjusted gross income (AGI) made use tax payments on their income tax forms.
A larger percentage of relatively high income taxpayers reported use tax payments than did low income households. A little over one percent (1.12 percent) of California taxpayers with AGI over $100,000 reported use taxes, while 0.15 percent of households with AGI less than $30,000 reported use taxes.
Use tax payments averaged $170 per household.
High income households (AGI over $100,000) averaged the highest use tax payments, $311 per household. Low income households (AGI less than $30,000) averaged use tax payments of $76 per household. The lowest average use tax payments were made by households with AGI between $30,000 and $60,000, an average of $70.
High income households (AGI over $100,000) accounted for 40 percent of all households reporting use taxes. These high income taxpayers paid 73 percent of all use taxes reported on personal income tax returns.
Data for the ten most populous counties indicate that:
Percentages of taxpayers with AGI making use tax payments varied from a low of 0.19 percent for both San Bernardino and Riverside counties to a high of 1.03 percent for Santa Clara County. As mentioned earlier, the statewide average was 0.42 percent.
The statewide pattern of greater percentages of high income taxpayers making use tax payments generally held for these counties, with little variation in county rankings.
Use tax payments per household ranged from a low of $77 in San Diego County to a high of $579 in Contra Costa County. Average use tax payments in Fresno and San Bernardino counties were $79, very close to those of San Diego County. (The statewide average was $170 per household.)
High income households (AGI over $100,000) averaged the highest use tax payments in Contra Costa County, $1,180 per household. The second highest reporting for this group was Los Angeles County, $650 per household. The lowest average use tax reported for high income households was Sacramento County, at $91 per household. Fresno County was very close to Sacramento County, averaging $93 per household. (The statewide average for high income households was $311 per household.)
The Economic Perspective newsletter is a quarterly publication produced by the BOE that looks at economic factors of interest or that influence California economic activity.
The newsletter and California use tax information are available at www.boe.ca.gov. For more information on other taxes and fees in California, visit www.taxes.ca.gov.